Siphnos belongs to the southern cluster of the Cycladian islands.75 nautical miles away from Piraeus, its only 10 nautical miles away from Kimolos, 12 from Serifos, 14 from Paros, and 20 from Milos. 18 kilometers long, 8 kilometers wide, the island covers a total area of 74 square kilometers, and its perimeter is 28 nautical miles.
According to reliable historical sources, and as was the case with the other Cycladian islands Siphnos was named after the first settler on the island, son of the Attic hero Sounios. Over its long history, the island was known also under different names, for example, Ake meaning wedge, probably in reference to its triangular and pointed shape, and Meropi, the name it was known under at the time of the islands Minoan period, obviously a reference to Minos's granddaughter, daughter of Ariadne and Enopionas. In the period that the Venecians ruled the Aegean Sea, Siphnos, like the other islands in the region, was called by a number of variants like Sifinos, Sifounas, Sifanos, Sifano, Sifana, and Sifando.
Siphnos has a mountainous terrain; its highest mountain being Prophet Elias (680meters), with a monastery of the same name perched on its top. There are many scenic bays and coves with wide sandy beaches like Kamares and Platis Yialos, as well as smaller, hard to find beaches, like Fykiada and Vlihos, ideal for those natural lovers who prefer peace and quiet. A small distance northeast from Platis Yialos, you will find the small island of Kypriani, now uninhabited and privately owned, with only a single building; this island belongs to the municipality of Siphnos.
The two thousand islanders, half of the islands population a century ago, are occupied with dairy fanning, agriculture and fishing while pottery is by far the most important local trade, and the one the island has been known for since antiquity; the merchant navy and tourism also from a major part of the islands economy. Local products, the ones most likely of interest to visitors, include honey, wine, manoura and ksinomyzithra (two varieties of local cheese), capers, figs, pottery, woven fabrics for various uses, and such food delicacies unique to the island as almond cookies, honey-cheese pies and sesame cakes.
Administratively, Siphnos belongs to the Province of Milos, which is part of the Perfecture of Cyclades. The towns of Apollonia and Artemon, imdependently administrated since 1914, were merged in 1999 into the single municipality of Siphnos.